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          Year

          Day

          November 16, 2020
          Viewpoint

          The Complicated Legacy of Cassandra Callender: Ethics, Decision-making, and the Role of Adolescents

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4812

          This Viewpoint discusses the role of adolescents in decisions about their health care, particularly potentially life-saving interventions.

          Editorial

          Weight-Focused Public Health Interventions—No Benefit, Some Harm

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4777
          Original Investigation

          Effect of School-Based Body Mass Index Reporting in California Public Schools: A Randomized Clinical Trial

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4768

          This cluster randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of school-based body mass index reporting on weight status and adverse outcomes (weight stigmatization and weight-related perceptions and behaviors) among a diverse population of students in California public schools.

          Changes in the Prevalence and Correlates of Weight-Control Behaviors and Weight Perception in Adolescents in the UK, 1986-2015

          Abstract Full Text
          open access
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4746

          This cohort study uses data from 3 cohort studies in the UK to investigate the changes in prevalence of adolescent weight-loss and weight-perception behaviors and their association with depressive symptoms.

          Research Letter

          Effect of Antibiotic Use Within First 48 Hours of Life on the Preterm Infant Microbiome: A Randomized Clinical Trial

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4916

          This randomized clinical trial investigates whether withholding the standard 48 hours of intravenous empirical antibiotics immediately after birth in preterm infants protects the developing microbiome and improves clinical outcomes.

          Exome Sequencing as a Potential Diagnostic Adjunct in Sporadic Congenital Hydrocephalus

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4878

          This study evaluates whole-exome sequencing as a diagnostic tool in a cohort of neurosurgically treated congenital hydrocephalus probands.

          Comment & Response

          Factors Affecting Children's Mental Health During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

          Abstract Full Text
          free access
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4933

          Factors Affecting Children's Mental Health During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Epidemic—Reply

          Abstract Full Text
          free access
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4936
          November 9, 2020
          Viewpoint

          Intervention Recommendations for Children With Autism in Light of a Changing Evidence Base

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4730

          This Viewpoint summarizes the authors’ previous findings that a greater intensity of behavioral interventions in children with autism showed no association with increased benefits.

          Editorial

          Ampicillin and Gentamicin in Infants With Suspected Sepsis: Long Live Amp and Gent—But for How Long?

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4726
          Original Investigation

          Effect of a Home-Visiting Intervention to Reduce Early Childhood Obesity Among Native American Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3557

          This randomized clinical trial assesses the impact of a brief home-visiting approach, Family Spirit Nurture, on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, responsive parenting and infant feeding practices, and optimal infant growth through 12 months post partum.

          Cannula With Long and Narrow Tubing vs Short Binasal Prongs for Noninvasive Ventilation in Preterm Infants: Noninferiority Randomized Clinical Trial

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3579

          This randomized clinical trial compares the ability to prevent intubation in preterm infants by using nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation for the initial treatment of respiratory distress syndrome or postextubation with either a cannula with long and narrow tubing or short binasal prong and mask interfaces.

          Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli Among Infants Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units Across the US From 2009 to 2017

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4719

          This cohort study assesses the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Escherichia coli among infants admitted to US neonatal intensive care units from 2009 to 2017.

          Comment & Response

          Improving Research on Screen Media, Autism, and Families of Young Children

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3006

          Improving Research on Screen Media, Autism, and Families of Young Children—Reply

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3022
          November 2, 2020
          Viewpoint

          Deimplementation in Pediatrics: Past, Present, and Future

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4681

          This Viewpoint explores the historical drivers of deimplementation and proposes ways to further reduce the amount of low-value care delivered to children.

          Reinventing Pediatrics Through Video Care First

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4684

          This Viewpoint discusses how the adoption of video care for initial medical visits is reinventing the role of pediatricians.

          On My Mind

          The Miracle Moment

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3592

          This article describes the author’s experience of helping a family do everything they could, even administering an unapproved drug, for their teenage daughter.

          Original Investigation

          Assessment of School Anti-Bullying Interventions: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3541

          This meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials assesses the effectiveness of school anti-bullying interventions, their population impact, and the association of moderators.

          Cost-effectiveness of Sexually Transmitted Infection Screening for Adolescents and Young Adults in the Pediatric Emergency Department

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3571

          This economic evaluation reports the prevalence, outcomes, and cost per case detected and successfully treated associated with simulated testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in young patients presenting at pediatric emergency departments.

          Research Letter

          Characteristics of Youths Treated With Psychotropic Polypharmacy in the United States, 1999 to 2015

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4678

          This study investigates differences in the characteristics of US youths treated with psychotropic polypharmacy and in the psychotropic classes used in combination.

          Comment & Response

          Aggression as a Mediating Behavior in the Association Between Video Game Use and Body Mass Index

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2928

          Aggression as a Mediating Behavior in the Association Between Video Game Use and Body Mass Index—Reply

          Abstract Full Text
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2931
          Correction

          Missing Funding Information

          Abstract Full Text
          free access
          JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4907
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